The Geneva Convention Related to the Status of Refugees is the main source of legal protections for refugees. IRL provides a specific definition of refugee, safeguards the right to seek asylum, and protects against being forcibly returned to a country where one would face persecution (non-refoulement).
How are refugees protected through international law?
The 1951 Convention and 1967 Protocol also ensure protection of refugees against refoulement, or forcible return to a country where they face persecution, and provide them and their families with access to civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights similar to those enjoyed by nationals.
Are refugees protected under international law?
Refugees have rights and protections under international law. These rights and protections are found in the Refugee Convention and in major international human rights treaties. The main UN organisation that protects refugees is the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
What rights do refugees have under international law?
Those rights in the UN Refugee Convention essentially highlight that refugees who are fleeing to a different country should have freedom to work, freedom to move, freedom to access education, and basic other freedoms that would allow them to live their lives normally, just like you and me.
What is international protection for refugees?
Refugees are, by definition, in need of international protection, being outside their country of origin because of serious threats against which the authorities of their home country cannot or will not protect them. Left unprotected, they seek protection from a country of refuge, and from the international community.
What are the protection available for the refugees under the refugee Convention of 1951?
The cornerstone of the 1951 Convention is the principle of non-refoulement contained in Article 33. Accord- ing to this principle, a refugee should not be returned to a country where he or she faces serious threats to his or her life or freedom.
What is Article 15c?
Article 15(c) defines serious harm as “serious and individual threat to a civilian’s life or person by reason of indiscriminate violence in situations of international or internal armed conflict.”
What is the difference between refugee and subsidiary protection?
Refugee status is granted to people who have been persecuted for their race, religion, nationality, political beliefs or association to a particular social group in their home country. … Subsidiary protection applies to people who are not recognized as being entitled to asylum or refugee status.
How are the refugees protected by unhcr?
By going through status determination processes and potentially being recognized as a refugee, individuals are legally protected by being granted legal documents that are issued from their country of asylum and are valid for a certain period of time, usually not less that one year at a time.