The Fourteenth Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause requires states to practice equal protection. Equal protection forces a state to govern impartially—not draw distinctions between individuals solely on differences that are irrelevant to a legitimate governmental objective.
What does the Equal Protection Clause do?
The clause, which took effect in 1868, provides “nor shall any State … deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”. It mandates that individuals in similar situations be treated equally by the law.
What is an example of Equal Protection Clause?
Laws that make distinctions based on race and burden both whites and blacks are also unconstitutional. For example, a state may not prohibit inter-racial marriages, or deny child custody to a couple because they are of different races.
What does the Equal Protection Clause require?
The Equal Protection Clause requires states to treat their citizens equally, and advocates have used it to combat discriminatory laws, policies, and government actions.
What is equal protection in simple terms?
Definition of equal protection
: a guarantee under the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that a state must treat an individual or class of individuals the same as it treats other individuals or classes in like circumstances.
Who does the Equal Protection Clause protect?
Fourteenth Amendment, Section 1: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
How did the Equal Protection Clause change the US Constitution?
The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former enslaved people—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and …
What was one reason why the Equal Rights Amendment failed?
What was one reason why the equal rights amendment failed? Fewer women wanted to enter the workforce by the 1970s. Only seven states ratified the amendment in the allotted time. Many people feared potential unintended effects of the amendment because it was vaguely worded.
How important is the equal protection clause to the students?
Equal Protection Clause
In 1954, the Supreme Court interpreted the Equal Protection Clause’s requirements in Brown v. Board of Education. … That language, and the Court’s decision, had a dramatic impact on public education. Schools were required to end the discriminatory practice of segregating students based on race.
How did the Supreme Court interpret the Equal Protection Clause?
Interpretations of the Equal Protection Clause
Ferguson (1896) was legal under the equal protection clause. … The Supreme Court found that ‘separate but equal’ was illegal under the equal protection clause because states were not, in fact, providing all people ‘equal protection of the laws.
How well does the Equal Protection Clause protect students in schools?
While education may not be a “fundamental right” under the Constitution, the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment requires that when a state establishes a public school system (as in Texas), no child living in that state may be denied equal access to schooling.
What does the takings clause of the 5th Amendment mean?
The Fifth Amendment of the United States Constitution includes a provision known as the Takings Clause, which states that “private property [shall not] be taken for public use, without just compensation.” While the Fifth Amendment by itself only applies to actions by the federal government, the Fourteenth Amendment …
Does the Equal Protection Clause apply to businesses?
That Amendment erects no shield against merely private conduct, however discriminatory or wrongful.” 1339 Although state action requirements also apply to other provisions of the Constitution 1340 and to federal governmental actions, 1341 the doctrine is most often associated with the application of the Equal …
What is the difference between equal protection and due process?
The equal protection clause prevents the state government from enacting criminal laws that discriminate in an unreasonable and unjustified manner. The Fifth Amendment due process clause prohibits the federal government from discrimination if the discrimination is so unjustifiable that it violates due process of law.