Machine guarding is a safety feature on or around manufacturing or other engineering equipment consisting of a shield or device covering hazardous areas of a machine to prevent contact with body parts or to control hazards like chips or sparks from exiting the machine.
What is the purpose of machine guards?
The purpose of machine guarding is to protect the machine operator and other employees in the work area from hazards created during the machine’s normal operation. This would include hazards of concern such as: ingoing nip points, rotating parts, reciprocating, transversing, and/or flying chips & sparks.
What do machine guards protect against?
Machine guards are your first line of defense against injuries caused by machine operation. Each machine must have adequate safeguards to protect operators and other employees in the immediate work area from hazards created by ingoing nip points, rotating parts, sparks and flying debris.
When should a guard be used on a machine?
29 CFR 1910.212(a)(1) states that one or more methods of machine guarding must be used to protect operators and other employees from hazards, including those created by point of operation, in-running nip points, rotating parts, flying chips and sparks.
What are the 4 types of machine guards?
Types of Machine Guards
- Fixed guards.
- Interlocking guards.
- Adjustable guards.
- Self-adjusting guards.
What is an example of guarding?
Examples of guarding methods are-barrier guards, two-hand tripping devices, electronic safety devices, etc. General requirements for machine guards. Guards shall be affixed to the machine where possible and secured elsewhere if for any reason attachment to the machine is not possible.
When can you remove a machine guard?
If maintenance and/or servicing activities take place during normal production activities, and the operator is required to remove or bypass machine guarding required by subpart O, or place any part of their body in an area where unexpected startup of the machine or equipment may cause injury, the LO/TO standard would …
Why should machinery guards never be removed?
The moving parts of a machine can cut or crush, flying debris can cause eye injuries, and material can kick back causing severe injuries. Employees need to know the dangers and potential hazards of the particular machine that you are operating. Never remove a safety guard or device.
What is the most commonly used guard?
Types of Guards
Fixed guards are most commonly used and are preferred over others, the reason being that the fixed guards offer protection from dangerous parts of machines at all times. Fixed guards may be adjusted but only by authorized personnel.
What machine parts require guards?
The following are some examples of machines requiring point of operation guarding:
- Guillotine cutters.
- Alligator shears.
- Power presses.
- Milling machines.
- Power saws.
- Portable power tools.
What advantage do Guards have that are designed and built by the user?
Guards designed and installed by the builder offer two main advantages: They usually conform to the design and function of the machine. They can be designed to strengthen the machine in some way or to serve some additional functional purposes.
What are the different type of guards?
There are four general types of guards:
Is machine guarding training required by OSHA?
OSHA requires any worker who uses hazardous machines to undergo specific and detailed training in the following: a description and identification of the hazards associated with particular machines. the safeguards themselves, how they provide protection, and the hazards for which they are intended.