Security controls exist to reduce or mitigate the risk to those assets. They include any type of policy, procedure, technique, method, solution, plan, action, or device designed to help accomplish that goal. Recognizable examples include firewalls, surveillance systems, and antivirus software.
What are the four types of security controls?
For the sake of easy implementation, information security controls can also be classified into several areas of data protection:
- Physical access controls. …
- Cyber access controls. …
- Procedural controls. …
- Technical controls. …
- Compliance controls.
What are system security controls?
Security controls are safeguards or countermeasures to avoid, detect, counteract, or minimize security risks to physical property, information, computer systems, or other assets. … Systems of controls can be referred to as frameworks or standards.
How many security controls are there?
The National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication (NIST SP) 800-53 contains a wealth of security controls. NIST SP 800-53 R4 contains over 900 unique security controls that encompass 18 control families.
What are the 5 physical security controls required for information security?
1.2. 1. Physical Controls
- Closed-circuit surveillance cameras.
- Motion or thermal alarm systems.
- Security guards.
- Picture IDs.
- Locked and dead-bolted steel doors.
- Biometrics (includes fingerprint, voice, face, iris, handwriting, and other automated methods used to recognize individuals)
What are the 3 types of controls?
Three basic types of control systems are available to executives: (1) output control, (2) behavioural control, and (3) clan control. Different organizations emphasize different types of control, but most organizations use a mix of all three types.
What are the NIST security controls?
The NIST SP 800-53 security control families are:
- Access Control.
- Audit and Accountability.
- Awareness and Training.
- Configuration Management.
- Contingency Planning.
- Identification and Authentication.
- Incident Response.
What is the difference between security and control?
Security is about the prevention of actions by an unauthorized actor directed at a piece of data, the target. In contrast, control is about being able to determine what action an actor can take with regard to the target.
What are the 3 principles of information security?
The CIA triad refers to an information security model made up of the three main components: confidentiality, integrity and availability. Each component represents a fundamental objective of information security.