What does the Equal Protection Clause prohibit?

No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

What does the Equal Protection Clause protect?

U.S. Constitution

The Fourteenth Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause requires states to practice equal protection. Equal protection forces a state to govern impartially—not draw distinctions between individuals solely on differences that are irrelevant to a legitimate governmental objective.

What does the Equal Protection Clause prevent from happening?

The Supreme Court has also used the Equal Protection Clause to prohibit discrimination on other bases besides race. Most laws are assessed under so-called “rational basis scrutiny.” Here, any plausible and legitimate reason for the discrimination is sufficient to render it constitutional.

What does the Equal Protection Clause do quizlet?

It prohibits laws that unreasonably and unfairly favor some groups over others or arbitrarily discriminate against persons.

IT IS INTERESTING:  Which are the three main pieces of consumer protection legislation?

What are the limitations of the Equal Protection Clause?

One of the main limitations in the Equal Protection Clause is that it limits only the powers of government bodies, and not the private parties on whom it confers equal protection. This limitation has existed since 1883 and has not been overturned.

What was one reason why the Equal Rights Amendment failed?

What was one reason why the equal rights amendment failed? Fewer women wanted to enter the workforce by the 1970s. Only seven states ratified the amendment in the allotted time. Many people feared potential unintended effects of the amendment because it was vaguely worded.

Who does the equal protection clause protect?

Fourteenth Amendment, Section 1: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.

What protections are granted under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?

The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former enslaved people—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and …

What do you understand by the phrase equality before law and equal protection of law?

Equality before law means that no one is above the law of the land. … Thus, privileged, underprivileged and unprivileged are equal before law. Equal protection of law means that law provides equal opportunities to all those who are in similar circumstances or situations. This concept is slightly positive in connotation.

IT IS INTERESTING:  Who does the ADA Act protect?

What does the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment prohibit quizlet?

Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment prohibits any state from passing a law that denies to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. … Law will be upheld only where it is necessary to achieve a compelling government purpose.

Where is the equal protection clause quizlet?

A clause in the Fourteenth Amendment that provides “No State shall… deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”.