Layer 2 switched environments, typically found in enterprise customer wiring closets, can be easy targets for network security attacks. Layer 2 switched environments, typically found in enterprise customer wiring closets, can be easy targets for network security attacks.
What is Layer 2 port security?
The main function of Port Security of layer 2 switching is to identify the frame address and filter the packets. When a secure port receives a frame, the source and destination MAC address of the frame compared with the MAC address table.
What are Layer 2 attacks?
7 Popular Layer 2 Attacks
- Overview. …
- Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) Attacks. …
- Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) Attacks. …
- Media Access Control (MAC) Spoofing. …
- Content Addressable Memory (CAM) Table Overflows. …
- Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP)/Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) Reconnaissance. …
- Virtual LAN (VLAN) Hopping.
What is a Layer 2 device?
A Layer 2 switch is a device that operates according to the Layer 2 data communications protocol. A Layer 2 device decides how to forward data based on the MAC address. Ethernet hubs and network switches work at the data link layer, with a switch delivering greater performance than a hub.
Security is only as strong as the weakest link in the system, and Layer 2 is considered to be that weak link. This is because LANs were traditionally under the administrative control of a single organization. We inherently trusted all persons and devices connected to our LAN.
What is Layer 3 security?
The Layer 3 approach to security looks at the entire network as a whole including edge devices (firewalls, routers, web servers, anything with public access), endpoints such as workstations along devices connected to the network including mobile phones to create an effective plan for security management.
What layer is port security?
Port security is a layer two traffic control feature on Cisco Catalyst switches. It enables an administrator configure individual switch ports to allow only a specified number of source MAC addresses ingressing the port.
Why is Layer 2 security so important?
Because any user can gain access to any Ethernet port and be a potential hacker, open campus networks cannot guarantee network security. Because the OSI model was built to allow different communications layers to work without knowledge of each other, Layer 2 security is critical.
What kind of attacks are there at Layer 2 and Layer 3?
ARP Poisoning and DHCP snooping are layer-2 attacks, where as IP Snooping, ICMP attack, and DoS attack with fake IPs are layer-3 attacks.
What are layer3 attacks?
What are layer 3 DDoS attacks? A distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack attempts to overwhelm its target with large amounts of data. A DDoS attack is like a traffic jam clogging up a freeway, preventing regular traffic from reaching its destination. Layer 3 DDoS attacks target layer 3 (L3) in the OSI model.
What is the function of layer 2?
Layer 2 of The OSI Model: Data Link Layer provides the functional and procedural means to transfer data between network entities and to detect and possibly correct errors that may occur in the physical layer.
What Layer 2 function does a router perform?
It performs the static routing to transfer data between different VLAN’s. Whereas the layer-2 device can transfer data between the networks of the same VLAN only. It also performs dynamic routing in the same way in which a router performs.
What is the difference between Layer 2 and 3 switches?
A Layer 2 switch only works with MAC addresses and doesn’t interact with any higher layer addresses, such as an IP. A Layer 3 switch, on the other hand, can also do static routing and dynamic routing, which includes IP and virtual local area network (VLAN) communications.
What are the layer 2 switch security controls?
Layer 2 Security Best Practices
- Manage the switches in a secure manner. …
- Restrict management access to the switch so that untrusted networks are not able to exploit management interfaces and protocols such as SNMP.
- Always use a dedicated VLAN ID for all trunk ports.
- Be skeptical; avoid using VLAN 1 for anything.
How do firewalls help ensure security?
Firewalls provide protection against outside cyber attackers by shielding your computer or network from malicious or unnecessary network traffic. Firewalls can also prevent malicious software from accessing a computer or network via the internet.
What does Port Security do?
Port Security helps secure the network by preventing unknown devices from forwarding packets. When a link goes down, all dynamically locked addresses are freed. … Packets that have a matching MAC address (secure packets) are forwarded; all other packets (unsecure packets) are restricted.