The Equal Protection Clause is part of the first section of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The clause, which took effect in 1868, provides “nor shall any State … deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”.
What part of the Constitution says everyone is equal?
The equal protection clause in the 14th Amendment means that states must treat all their citizens equally. States can’t favor men over women, whites over blacks, or heterosexuals over gays.
What amendment is right to equal protection?
14th Amendment. The Fourteenth Amendment addresses many aspects of citizenship and the rights of citizens. The most commonly used — and frequently litigated — phrase in the amendment is “equal protection of the laws”, which figures prominently in a wide variety of landmark cases, including Brown v.
Is equal protection in the First amendment?
It provides that no state shall “deny to any person the equal protection of the laws.” This clause, once labeled by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes as “constitutional argument of last resort,” is often viewed as the constitutional power that can be used against racial and gender discrimination in society.
What is Section 5 of the 14th Amendment?
Section 5 of the fourteenth amendment empowers Congress to “enforce, by appropriate legislation” the other provisions of the amendment, including the guarantees of the due process and equal protection clauses of section 1.
What protections are granted under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?
The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former enslaved people—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and …
What does equal protection under the law mean?
The 14th Amendment provides that “no State shall make or enforce any law which shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” Equal protection under the law means that legislation must treat all people or classes of people the same under like circumstances and conditions.
What is the meaning of the 15th Amendment?
The 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the “right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” Although ratified on …
What is Article 14 of the Constitution?
No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
What is the 13th Amendment in simple terms?
The 13th Amendment forever abolished slavery as an institution in all U.S. states and territories. In addition to banning slavery, the amendment outlawed the practice of involuntary servitude and peonage. Involuntary servitude or peonage occurs when a person is coerced to work in order to pay off debts.
What is 2nd Amendment rights?
Second Amendment Annotated. A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
What is the difference between equal protection and due process?
The equal protection clause prevents the state government from enacting criminal laws that discriminate in an unreasonable and unjustified manner. The Fifth Amendment due process clause prohibits the federal government from discrimination if the discrimination is so unjustifiable that it violates due process of law.
What is Section 3 of the 14th Amendment?
Amendment XIV, Section 3 prohibits any person who had gone to war against the union or given aid and comfort to the nation’s enemies from running for federal or state office, unless Congress by a two-thirds vote specifically permitted it.
What does Article 1 Section 8 of the Constitution say?
The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; 1 Taxing Power. …
What is Article 4 Section 2 of the Constitution about?
Article IV, Section 2 guarantees that states cannot discriminate against citizens of other states. States must give people from other states the same fundamental rights it gives its own citizens. … Article IV, Section 2 also establishes rules for when an alleged criminal flees to another state.