The ribs are connected to the sternum with a strong, somewhat flexible material called cartilage. The rib cage help protects the organs in the chest, such as the heart and lungs, from damage.
What muscle is protected by the ribs?
Diaphragm: The diaphragm is a large, flat, sheet-like muscle that extends horizontally underneath the rib cage. Functionally, the diaphragm separates the thoracic cavity, containing the lungs and heart and enclosed by the rib cage from the abdominal cavity, which contains the digestive organs.
What organ is between rib cage?
The liver is partly protected by the rib cage. In fact, it is so tightly packed into the ribcage that a slight impression is often left on the top of the liver. The liver is the largest organ in the body. It is shaped like a wedge and weighs 1.2-1.5kg.
Which organ is not protected by the rib cage?
Delicate internal organ which is not protected by rib cage is the liver.
How many ribs do females have?
MEN and women have 12 pairs of ribs (a few individuals have 13 or 11 pairs). The idea that men have fewer ribs than women is widespread but wrong, perhaps deriving from the biblical story of Eve being made from one of Adam’s ribs.
Is the liver protected by the rib cage?
Front View of the Liver
Normally you can’t feel the liver, because it’s protected by the rib cage. The liver has two large sections, called the right and the left lobes.
Is the liver under the rib cage?
Your liver is a football-sized organ that sits under your ribs. It works as your body’s processing plant. Among its more than 500 jobs are to convert food from the small intestine into substances that help you absorb fat and fight off diseases, stockpile energy, and filter and clean your blood.
What are the internal organs found in the abdomen?
The abdomen contains many vital organs: the stomach, the small intestine (jejunum and ileum), the large intestine (colon), the liver, the spleen, the gallbladder, the pancreas, the uterus, the fallopian tubes, the ovaries, the kidneys, the ureters, the bladder, and many blood vessels (arteries and veins).
Does the rib cage protect kidneys?
They are part of your internal organs. They are located in the back on either side of your spine. Your kidneys are protected by your ribs.
Why are some organs protected by ribcage while others are not?
The internal organs located in the thoracic cavity like heart, lungs, liver, stomach etc are very delicate and hence are protected by bony rib cage to prevent any damage.
Which organs are protected by the cage formed by the chest bones?
The rib cage surrounds the lungs and the heart, serving as an important means of bony protection for these vital organs.In total, the rib cage consists of the 12 thoracic vertebrae and the 24 ribs, in addition to the sternum.
Who has extra rib?
About 1 in 200 people are born with an extra rib called a cervical rib. Because this is something that you are born with, it is known as a congenital condition. At the back, this rib connects to the seventh cervical vertebra in your neck.
Why do I only have 11 ribs?
Abnormal Number of Ribs
It is more common to see 11 pairs in the absence of associated anomalies; this situation occurs in 5%–8% of normal individuals. Eleven pairs of ribs occur in one-third of patients with trisomy 21 syndrome (,9), as well as in association with cleidocranial dysplasia and campomelic dysplasia.
What are floating ribs?
The Anatomy of a Floating Rib
The last two pairs of ribs at the very bottom of the rib cage do not attach to the sternum at all. These ribs are referred to as “floating ribs” as their only attachment is found at the back of the rib cage, anchored to the vertebrae of the spine.